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Burn

In the context of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, “burn” refers to the intentional and irreversible removal of a certain number of tokens or coins from circulation. This is achieved by sending the tokens to a designated “burn address” – an address that is publicly visible on the blockchain but is inaccessible and has no known private key. Once tokens are sent to this address, they are effectively “burned” or destroyed, reducing the total supply.

Purpose of Burning:

  1. Control Inflation: By reducing the total supply of tokens, burning can help counteract inflationary pressures.
  2. Increase Scarcity and Value: Reducing the number of tokens in circulation can create scarcity, potentially leading to an increase in the value of the remaining tokens.
  3. Reward Token Holders: Some projects burn tokens as a way to reward holders by increasing the relative value of their holdings.
  4. Token Distribution: Some projects burn unsold tokens after an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) to ensure that the tokens are distributed as promised.
  5. Network Fees: Some blockchains, like Binance Smart Chain, use token burning as a mechanism for transaction fees.

How It Works:

  1. Burn Address: A public address is created specifically for burning tokens. This address is inaccessible, meaning no one can access the tokens once they are sent there.
  2. Transaction: Tokens are sent to the burn address through a standard blockchain transaction.
  3. Verification: The transaction is verified by the network, and once confirmed, the tokens are effectively removed from circulation.

Benefits:

  • Transparency: Token burns are recorded on the blockchain, ensuring transparency and allowing anyone to verify the burn.
  • Flexibility: Projects can decide when and how many tokens to burn based on their economic model or tokenomics.
  • Trust: Regular burns can increase community trust, showing that the project is committed to maintaining token value.

Challenges/Risks:

  • Irreversible: Once tokens are burned, the action cannot be undone. This can be problematic if done hastily or without proper planning.
  • Market Reaction: While burns can potentially increase token value, they don’t always guarantee a positive market reaction.

Examples:

  • Binance Coin (BNB): Binance periodically burns a portion of the BNB tokens it collects in trading fees, reducing the overall supply and aiming to increase scarcity.
  • Ripple (XRP): A small amount of XRP is burned as a transaction fee every time an XRP transaction is made.
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CryptoCurrencyUSDChange 1hChange 24hChange 7d
Bitcoin67,851 0.06 % 2.26 % 3.34 %
Litecoin85.87 0.25 % 0.81 % 4.64 %
XRP0.5298 0.10 % 0.23 % 2.54 %
Ethereum2,197.2 0.23 % 0.67 % 2.46 %
Dogecoin0.1548 0.37 % 0.09 % 7.69 %
Solana171.37 0.76 % 4.00 % 5.64 %
USDC1.000 0.10 % 0.02 % 0.08 %
Cardano0.2543 0.15 % 1.68 % 3.38 %
Tether0.9990 0.10 % 0.04 % 0.02 %
Binance Coin (Wormhole)222.47 0.38 % 4.71 % 3.08 %