$ 61,430
$ 2,197.2
$ 0.9990


An Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is a fundraising mechanism in which new cryptocurrency projects sell their underlying tokens to investors in exchange for other cryptocurrencies, typically Bitcoin (BTC) or Ethereum (ETH). It’s similar to an Initial Public Offering (IPO) where investors purchase shares of a company.

Key Points:

  1. Purpose: ICOs are used by startups to bypass the rigorous and regulated capital-raising process required by venture capitalists or banks. Through ICOs, projects can raise funds directly from the public.
  2. Process: In an ICO, a percentage of the newly issued cryptocurrency is sold to early backers of the project in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies.
  3. Whitepaper: Before an ICO, the project team releases a whitepaper that details the purpose of the project, the amount of capital required, the number of tokens to be issued, the mechanism of how the tokens will function, and other technical and financial details.
  4. Risks and Criticisms:
    • Regulation: ICOs have faced criticism for acting as a source of easy capital, leading to scams and fraud.
    • Volatility: The value of tokens post-ICO can be highly volatile.
    • Lack of Rights: Unlike IPOs, holding tokens doesn’t provide ownership rights in the company or dividends.
  5. Benefits:
    • Liquidity: Tokens can be sold on cryptocurrency exchanges, providing liquidity for investors.
    • Open Access: Anyone can participate in an ICO, offering a democratized way to invest.
    • Potential High Returns: Some ICOs have provided massive returns for early investors, though it’s also accompanied by high risk.
  6. Regulatory Environment: Due to concerns about fraud and investor protection, regulatory bodies in many countries have scrutinized or banned ICOs. As a result, many projects have shifted to more regulated fundraising methods, such as Security Token Offerings (STOs) or Initial Exchange Offerings (IEOs).


  • Ethereum: One of the most notable ICOs was Ethereum in 2014, where they raised over $18 million and paved the way for the development of the Ethereum platform.
  • EOS:’s EOS ICO raised approximately $4.2 billion over a year-long token sale, making it one of the largest ICOs.
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CryptoCurrencyUSDChange 1hChange 24hChange 7d
Bitcoin61,430 1.06 % 0.98 % 13.07 %
Litecoin78.57 0.93 % 2.88 % 20.02 %
XRP0.4819 0.68 % 3.24 % 20.94 %
Ethereum2,197.2 0.23 % 0.67 % 2.46 %
Dogecoin0.1449 1.65 % 3.37 % 26.17 %
USDC1.000 0.10 % 0.02 % 0.08 %
Cardano0.2543 0.15 % 1.68 % 3.38 %
Tether0.9990 0.10 % 0.04 % 0.02 %
Binance Coin (Wormhole)222.47 0.38 % 4.71 % 3.08 %